The largest volume of student visa holders outside Australia are in the higher education subclass, while the largest proportion outside are in the non-award subclass.
The top country for non-award subclass visa holders is the USA, from where many students traditionally travel to Australia on student exchange and study abroad programs. Many of these students were recalled home due to the coronavirus outbreak.
It is clear that China had the largest proportion of student visa holders outside Australia, consistent with it first being the subject of travel restrictions to Australia. When first measured in early February the proportion of Chinese visa holders outside Australia exceeded 50%.
Since then Australian Border Force has reported that over 47,000 Chinese citizens arrived from third countries up until Australia closed its borders on 20 March 2020. Excluding China, the large majority (89%) of other student visa holders were in Australia on 29 March 2020.
Where do international students come from and what do they study?
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